Industry 4.0 / Manufacturing 2025

In China “Manufacturing 2025” is the – more or less – equivalent to “Industry 4.0”.

As mentioned by the Forbes article above: for a factory or system to be considered Industry 4.0, it must include:

  • Interoperability — machines, devices, sensors and people that connect and communicate with one another.
  • Information transparency — the systems create a virtual copy of the physical world through sensor data in order to contextualize information.
  • Technical assistance — both the ability of the systems to support humans in making decisions and solving problems and the ability to assist humans with tasks that are too difficult or unsafe for humans.
  • Decentralized decision-making — the ability of cyber-physical systems to make simple decisions on their own and become as autonomous as possible.

China is superfast moving up the value chain. Wages have risen so much that also China must automate and transform existing manufacturing plants.


What everyone must know about Industry 4.0
China Manufacturing 2025: putting industrial policy ahead of market forces